Diplomatic relations between the Republic of Belarus and the Kingdom of Bahrain were established on July 1, 1996.
Ambassador of the Republic of Belarus to the UAE Andrei Luchenok accredited in Bahrain concurrently. Bahrain Ambassador to Russia Ahmed al-Saati is accredited in Belarus concurrently.
In October 2002, a state delegation of the Republic of Belarus headed by the President of the Republic of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko paid a visit to Bahrain.
In April 2008 the Belarusian-Bahraini political consultations were held in Minsk. In November 2016 the second round of political consultations at the level of Deputy Foreign Ministers of Belarus and Bahrain took place in Manama.
The interaction between Belarus and Bahrain within the UN is constructive. Countries successfully cooperate on the issue of supporting candidatures for the elected bodies of organizations of the UN system.
Belarus and Bahrain signed intergovernmental agreements on trade and economic cooperation, on facilitating the implementation and mutual protection of investments, on avoiding double taxation, and on air traffic. The tow countries also signed Protocol on cooperation between the House of Representatives of the National Assembly of the Republic of Belarus and the Council of Representatives of the National Assembly of the Kingdom of Bahrain, Memorandum of Cooperation between the ministries of foreign affairs, Memorandum of understanding between the ministries of finance, Agreement on cooperation between the chambers of commerce and industry. Work is underway to coordinate a number of other bilateral documents.
Trade and economic cooperation between Belarus and Bahrain is not active. At the end of 2021, the export of goods of the Republic of Belarus to Bahrain amounted to 0.3 million US dollars, the main export of goods in 2021 was joinery.